Discrete funicular structures with curve-crease-folded moulds

Bhooshan S., Van Mele T. and Block P.
Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2015

The paper explores iterative search methods for form finding discrete funicular structures under constraints imposed due to requirements of curved-crease folded (CCF) moulds. It describes the use of the ‘variational’ approach to extend the Force Density Method as developed in [1]. The paper integrates the two-step form-finding process described in [2], into a unified procedure and thus overcomes the design difficulties described there. As noted in [2], there is a general compatibility between compressive structures and CCF moulds. However, there is also an inherent negotiation between the local curvatures of the equilibrium shape and the cross-sectional depth of the mould so formed. The unified approach of this paper will demonstrate a method to ensure both requirements – equilibrium and sectional depth - are met.  Integration of fabrication constraints in form finding of shapes in static equilibrium is noted in [1]. Additionally, iterative, projection methods of optimisation for use in interactive design of meshes are described in [3]. The discrete representation of curved-crease foldable meshes and the general benefits of their architectural application is discussed in [4]. This paper then, describes an easy to implement, search optimisation method that is compatible with interactive shape modelling and satisfies specific static equilibrium and mould-making constraints.


[1]      Lachauer L and Block P. Interactive Equilibrium Modelling, International Journal of Space Structures 2014, 29(1): 25-37.

[2]      Bhooshan S, Bhooshan V, Shah A, Louth H and Reeves D, Curve-folded form-work for cast, compressive skeletons, SIMAUD 2015, Alexandria, USA.

[3]      Bouaziz S, Deuss M, Schwartzburg Y, Weise T and Pauly M. Shape-Up: Shaping Discrete Geometry with Projections. Computer Graphics Forum 2012, 31(5), 1657-1667.

[4]      Kilian M, Flöry S, Chen Z, Mitra N, Sheffer A and Pottmann H. Curved folding. ACM Trans. Graph. 2008, 27(3).


    author    = "Bhooshan, S. and Van Mele, T. and Block, P.",
    title     = "Discrete funicular structures with curve-crease-folded moulds",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) Symposium 2015",
    year      = "2015",
    editor    = "",
    volume    = "",
    number    = "",
    pages     = "",
    publisher = "",
    address   = "Amsterdam",
    month     = "August",
    doi       = "",
    note      = "",

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