Design, fabrication and testing of a prototype, thin-vaulted, unreinforced concrete floor

Liew A., López López D., Van Mele T. and Block P.
Engineering Structures
doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.01.075

This paper describes the concept, form fi nding, fabrication and subsequent experimental testing of a prototype floor system, derived from principals of shallow arching action, to initiate internal compressive stresses rather than exclusively flexural stresses. This vaulting in a floor system leads to a lightweight structural element, with potential weight savings when compared to traditional concrete oor slabs. The form-fi nding process to generate the floor geometry is presented, with a description of the fabrication process, the concrete mix design, material testing and fi nally the experimental testing. The results from the serviceability and ultimate load testing of the prototype floor are documented in detail. The data showed that the floor unit was both stif f under service load, with maximum vertical deflections less than span/2500, as well as possessing sufficient strength for ultimate loading, carrying 2.5 times the factored design load in a more critical asymmetric loading scenario. A camera setup was used to measure displacements in-line with traditional displacement transducers, to give contour plots of vertical deflections.


    author  = "Liew, A. and López López, D. and Van Mele, T. and Block, P.",
    title   = "Design, fabrication and testing of a prototype, thin-vaulted, unreinforced concrete floor",
    journal = "Engineering Structures",
    year    = "2017",
    volume  = "137",
    number  = "",
    pages   = "323-335",
    month   = "",
    doi     = "10.1016/j.engstruct.2017.01.075",
    note    = "",

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